Utility Vehicle Operation by UWW Employees

This document establishes rules for the management and safe operation of utility vehicles by employees of the University and on University property.  The purpose of this document is to preserve and protect the safety of our faculty, staff, employees, students, visitors and University property.
The term "utility vehicle" includes all non-licensed motorized vehicles used in the conveyance of people and/or materials on University property.  Examples include: golf carts, Gators, Mules, Cushmans.  This policy does not apply to any vehicle that is licensed for operation on Wisconsin roadways, nor does this policy apply to heavy equipment (i.e. backhoes, bulldozers).  Each excluded vehicle type is covered by other operational policies or laws governing their usage.  Motorized wheelchairs and other personal-assistive devices are specifically excluded.

Operation of non-licensed utility vehicles on public streets and highways is prohibited by State law, except as specifically authorized by Wisconsin State Statutes ss. 346.94(19)(a) on roadways with speed limits less than 35 miles per hour and the utility vehicle is being used for the state or local governmental purpose of collecting residential or commercial solid waste, landscaping, or performing incidental street maintenance, and is operated on a highway (i.e. public street) for a distance not to exceed one-half mile.  Persons violating this statutory "rule of the road" may be cited by state or local police and may be required to forfeit not less than $30 nor more than $300.   

  1. Supervisors of utility vehicle operators are accountable for ensuring that each operator understands the Rules Of Operation For Utility Vehicles At UWW and completes the Utility Vehicle Training upon initial hire (or upon initial assignment to perform work that utilizes a utility vehicle), and that the rules described within this document are discussed at least annually with each operator.  Seasonal employees that are repeatedly employed, with breaks between employment of no more than 120 days, must complete the training upon initial employment only, but the supervisor must discuss the Rules of Operation with each seasonal employee at the start of each employment period.

    Supervisors are additionally accountable for the safe operation of utility vehicles by their operators under their direction and control, their compliance with this safety policy, and for the application of appropriate enforcement of the Rules of Operation.

  2. Utility vehicles must be clearly and uniformly identified on the front and back of each vehicle using the identification scheme specified below.  Characters used within identification markings must be at least 4" in height, black in color on a plain white background.  Temporary identification markings on non-owned utility vehicles are required.  Temporary identification markings must be weather-resistant and securely affixed to the vehicle.  Identification markings contain a combination of letters and numbers and must conform to the following scheme:

    1. Letters identifying the campus organization controlling the vehicle:
      CC=Camps and Clinics (including all non-affiliated camps managed by or contracted through Continuing Education)
      UC=University Center
      RL=Residence Life
      PS=Parking Services
      FG=Facilities and Grounds
      WC=Williams Center/Warhawk Stadium

    2. A sequential numbering system identifying each vehicle will follow the organizational letters such as: UC1, CC9


  1. Each operator is accountable for ensuring that their own operation of utility vehicles is performed safely and within the rules described within this document.  Unsafe operation of utility vehicles may result in serious injury and/or death to the operator, passengers or other persons.
  2. The maximum permissible speed of utility vehicles on any campus walkway is 5 miles per hour (approximately the speed of a brisk walk). 
  3. Operation of utility vehicles on campus lawns causes degradation and damage to the campus landscape.  Operation on campus lawns is permissible only when there is no other pedestrian route to the intended destination or the task requires operation in these areas.  Maximum permissible speed on campus lawns is 5 miles per hour, or less, as dictated by conditions.
  4. The maximum seating capacity of a golf cart is two (2) persons.  The maximum seating capacity for other utility vehicles is determined by the number of manufacturer-designated passenger seats.  No person may ride in or on the cargo area of any utility vehicle.
  5. The operator and passengers must remain seated, with arms and legs inside the vehicle at all times of operation.
  6. Operation of utility vehicles on any part of public streets and roadways is prohibited by law, except as specifically authorized by Wisconsin State Statutes ss.346.   Utility vehicles are permitted to cross public streets and roadways only at marked pedestrian crosswalks.  When crossing public streets and roadways at pedestrian crosswalks, operators must bring their utility vehicles to a complete stop, check for vehicle and pedestrian traffic, and cross when the way is clear and safe for operation.
    Operation on private campus roadways (Warhawk Drive and East Lauderdale) is permitted and subject to all applicable vehicle traffic laws and customs.
  7. Operation of utility vehicles after sunset is prohibited, except when the vehicle is equipped with head and tail lights and such lights are illuminated during operation.
  8. Drivers must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other vehicles at all times.
  9. Use directional or hand signals before making a turn.
  10. Do not overtake another utility vehicle that is also in motion.
  11. Set the parking brake when not in transit.
  12. Cargo that is transported by utility vehicles must not protrude from the sides of utility vehicles and must be adequately secured to prevent accidental cargo loss during transit.
  13. Unauthorized operation, and/or operation by persons who have not been authorized by a UW-Whitewater supervisor or other institutional authority, is prohibited.  Violations may result in disciplinary or legal action.
  14. UWW Police Services monitors the operations of utility vehicles. If hazardous operation of a utility vehicle is observed, the operator may be cited and prohibited from future utility vehicle operation.