Resources for:

    Preparing For Health Careers

    biological sciences banner

    Healthcare Careers

    There is a growing interest among students in health care careers. The UWW science departments have already helped many students prepare for entry into professional programs.

    The pages here are designed to help advisors find pertinent information about healthcare careers. Some faculty at UWW already have prepared pages related to career preparation, and you will find links to those sites; please note that even if such information is NOT available, we can often help students in their undergraduate preparation. There are, though, some occupations where the student should consider transferring to another program (see Notes on Nurses: we do not prepare students for LPN or RN positions). There are also some careers that our students are qualified to enter but have not done so (e.g., podiatry, radiation therapy)

     

    Categories of Careers

    Healthcare occupations are usually divided into categories by role. The list below has examples of occupations that UWW students have entered and also a few other options students might wish to investigate on their own.

    • Diagnosis and Treatment Careers: Chiropractors, Dentists, Optometrists, Physicians, Podiatrists, Veterinarians
    • Associated Careers: Dietitians & Nutritionists, Genetic counselors, Nurse practitioners, Pharmacists, Physician assistants (Please see Notes:Nurse)
    • Adjunctive Careers: Technologists, Technicians, Assistants, and Aides* (Please see Notes.)
    • Rehabilitation Careers: Occupational therapist, Physical therapist, Respiratory therapist, Speech-language pathologist and audiologist
    • Administrative Careers: Hospital and Geriatric Facility Directors
    • Affiliated Careers: Medical Scientists, Educators, and Information Workers

     

    Entries

    The list here of (18) careers is linked to summary entries; these are occupations that UWW students have successfully pursued, or ones that our students are qualified to enter but perhaps are not aware of.

    Sources

    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition, bls.gov/oco/ocos.
    Saul Wischnitzer and Edith Wischnitzer, 2011. Top 100 Health-Care Careers: Your Complete Guidebook to Training and Jobs in Allied Health, Nursing, Medicine, and More, 3rd ed. JIST Works, Indianapolis, IN.

    Career Name

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site

    Principal Activities

    A very brief description of the work. Please see BLS entry for details, including salary and job prospects.

    UWW Advisor

    Name of UWW faculty member who advises interested students
    weblink to UWW informational page (if any)

    Pre-professional education/training

    A summary of education or training commonly needed BEFORE entering professional school in this field. Specific requirements vary, so the student will have to check specific schools as part of their preparation.

    Professional education/training & accrediting agency

    A list of the degree or credential received, list of internships or residencies, exams or licensure or certification required to practice legally. The accrediting agency organization that regulates training in this field will have a website full of information on programs across the country.

    Professional Organization

    The organization and website of the group that regulates people once they are active in their career.

    Training in this Area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    A list of schools in these four states that provide training in this career.

    VETERINARIAN

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Treatment and care of animals; may include or focus on routine health, diagnosis, surgery, treatment, behavior

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Ellen Davis Biological Sciences
    UWW Pre-Vet Program

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (GRE); previous experience of field Bio (PreBiomedical or Cell Phys), Chem (liberal arts BS), or other major

    Professional education/training & accrediting agency

    DVM degree; licensure; board exams in some states American Association of Veterinary Medical Colleges,www.avma.org

    Professional Organization

    American Veterinary Medical Association, www.avma.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Wisconsin: UW-Madison, School of Veterinary Medicine, vetmed.wisc.edu,
    Minnesota: University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine,cvm.umn.edu
    Iowa: Iowa State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, vetmed.iastate.edu
    Illinois: University of Illinois – Urbana, College of Veterinary Medicine, cvm.uiuc.edu

    PHYSICIAN

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Care of humans; can be primary care (family practice), internal medicine, pediatrics; can be highly specialized. A physician is typically a doctor of allopathic medicine (MD); the job includes diagnosis and treatment of any human disease, injury, or other condition. A doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) is also a licensed physician; the DO can practice medicine, perform surgery, and prescribe medications.

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Pete Mesner, lead advisor for pre-MD
    uww.edu/cls/pre-med

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (MCAT); previous experience of field

    Professional education/training

    MD degree (allopathic medicine); residency; licensure
    Association of Medical Colleges, aamc.org
    DO degree (osteopathic medicine); residency; licensure
    American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine,aacom.org
    American Medical Student Association, amsa.org

    Professional Organizations

    American Medical Association, ama-assn.org
    American Osteopathic Association, osteopathic.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Allopathic Medical Schools


    Wisconsin: Medical College of Wisconsin,Medical School
    University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health
    Minnesota: Mayo Medical School
    University of Minnesota-Duluth, Medical School
    University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Medical School
    Iowa:University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine
    Illinois: Rosalind Franklin University, Chicago Medical School
    Loyola University, Stritch School of Medicine
    Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine,A,
    Rush University, Rush Medical College
    Southern Illinois University, School of Medicine
    University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine
    University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine
    (Chicago, Peoria, and Rockford campuses)
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Medicine

    Osteopathic Medical Schools


    Iowa: Des Moines University, College of Osteopathic Medicine,
    Illinois: Midwestern University, Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine

    PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT (PA)

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Diagnosis and therapy of diseases, preventive health services, order lab tests and x-rays; working under supervision of MD or DO

    UWW Advisor

    (none designated at this time)

    Pre-professional education/training

    Bachelor’s degree; required courses; entrance exam (GRE; some schools); previous experience of field

    Professional education/training

    MS degree; certification (some states) American Academy of Physician Assistants, aapa.org

    Professional Organizations

    American Academy of Physician Assistants, aapa.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin–La Crosse, Gunderson Lutheran Medical Foundation, Mayo School of Health Sciences
    University of Wisconsin - Madison, Physcician Assistant Program
    Minnesota:Augsburg College
    Iowa:Des Moines University
    University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine
    Illinois:Malcom X College
    Rosalind Franklin University, Chicago Medical School
    Midwestern University, College of Health Science

    DENTIST

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Care of mouth, including teeth and gums; examine, evaluate, treat, prevent diseases and disorders, perform surgery.

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Mike Woller FIX THIS

    Pre-professional education/training

    Bachelor’s degree; required courses; entrance exam (DAT), previous experience of field

    Professional
    education/training

    DDS degree; internship (some programs); additional training (some specialties); licensure American Dental Association, ada.org

    Professional organization

    American Dental Association, ada.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Wisconsin: Marquette University School of Dentistry
    Minnesota: University of Minnesota School of Dentistry
    Iowa: University of Iowa College of Dentistry
    Illinois: Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Dental School
    University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry

    OPTOMETRIST

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos


    Principal Activities

    Primary caregivers for eyes: examination and care of people’s eyes, including prescription of glasses and contacts, surgery, monitoring eyes for complications due to other medical conditions (diabetes, high blood pressure).

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Steven Sahyun
    FIX THIS

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (OAT); previous experience of field

    Professional
    education/training

    Doctor of Optometry (DO) degree; residency for some specialties; licensure Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry, opted.org

    Professional organizations

    American Optometric Association, aoa.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Illinois: Illinois College of Optometry ico.edu

    PHYSICAL THERAPIST

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Working with patients, using a variety of treatment techniques, to restore function, decrease pain, recover after injury or surgery, and educate.

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Daryle Waechter-Brulla, Biological Sciences
    FIX THIS

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (GRE); previous experience of field

    Professional
    education/training

    MS or DPT degree; licensure

    Professional organizations

    American Physical Therapy Association apta.org

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Wisconsin:
    Concordia University Wisconsin
    Marquette University
    UW-La Crosse
    UW-Madison
    UW-Milwaukee Carrol University
    Admission

    Minnesota:
    College of St. Catherine
    College of St. Scholastica
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
    University of Minnesota

    Illinois:
    Bradley University;
    Doctor in Physical Therapy Application information

    Illinois:
    Bradley University;
    Governors State University
    Midwestern University
    Northern Illinois University
    Northwestern University
    Rosiland Franklin
    University of Illinois at Chicago

    Iowa:
    University of Iowa University of University of Osteopathic Medicine and Health Sciences

    PHARMACIST

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal activities

    Preparing and dispensing prescription medications; compounding individualized or veterinary prescriptions; research and development; long-term care; monitoring compliance

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Hephzibah Kumpaty
    FIX THIS

    Pre-professional
    education/training

    BS/BA degree; required courses; entrance exam (PCAT); previous experience of field

    Professional education/training & accrediting agency

    PharmD degree; internship; qualifying exam; licensure American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, aacp.org

    Professional organization

    American Pharmacists Association

    Training in this area:
    (WI,MN,IL,IA)

    Wisconsin:University of Wisconsin, School of Pharmacy
    Minnesota:University of Minnesota-Duluth
    University of Minnesota
    Iowa: Drake University, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
    University of Iowa, College of Pharmacy
    Illinois:Midwestern University
    University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Pharmacy
    College of Pharmacy, Rosalind Franklin University

    Pharmacy technician This is a not a college-degree position

    PODIATRIST

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activities

    Examination, diagnosis, and treatment of health of the foot, ankle, and lower limb.

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time

    Pre-Professional Education/Training

    BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (MCAT); previous experience of field

    Professional education/training

    DPM degree; licensure; boards (some states) American Colleges of Podiatric Medicine,

    Professional organization

    American Podiatric Medical Association,

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Iowa: Des Moines University, College of Podiatric Medicine and Surgery,
    Illinois:Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science

    Nurse

    Principal Activities

    Diagnosis and therapy of diseases, preventive health services, order lab tests and x-rays; many NPs will have a specialty

    UWW Advisor

    None Assigned at this time

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (GRE); previous experience of field

    Professional
    Education/Training

    MS degree; certification;
    National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties, American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
    Certification Program American Association of Critical Care Nurses American Nurses
    Credentialing Center
    Pediatric Nursing Certification Board National Certification Corporation for the Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing Specialties

    Professional organizations

    American College of Nurse Practitioners,

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    Marquette University Direct-entry M.S.N. for non-nursing majors
    Viterbo University
    UW-Oshkosh
    UW-Milwaukee
    UW-Eau Claire,

    Minnesota:
    University of Minnesota Twin Cities
    St. Catherine University
    Minnesota State University
    Illinois:
    University of Chicago Illinois Rush University
    Loyola University Rosalind Franklin
    Iowa:
    LPNs RNs Master of Nursing (MN; direct entry) UW-Milwaukee,

    Notes on Nurses

    The term “nurse” is applied to a wide range of individuals, some having relatively brief training and others with BS, MS, or even PhD degrees. A student does NOT have to begin as an aide and work their way up through the ranks; an individual with a BS degree can go into an MS-level program to become an advanced practice nurse, such as a nurse practitioner (NP).

    • Nurse’s aides have a high school degree or GED, train for 6 weeks to 3 months, and perform the basic tasks associated with care of patients. These people are under supervision of an LPN or an RN.
    • Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) have 1 to 1 ½ years of training, following completion of their HS/GED. They are state-licensed caregivers, working under the supervision of an RN.
    • Registered nurses (RNs) have graduated from a nursing program, have passed a state board examination, and are licensed by the state. There are three routes to becoming an RN: a) a two-year associate degree; b) a three-year diploma from a hospital with this training program available; OR c) a four-year BSN (bachelor’s degree in nursing.
    • Advanced practice nurses have education and experience beyond RNs.
      • Nurse practitioners (NPs) have training in patient examination, diagnosis, treating illnesses, and working with health promotion. An NP can prescribe some medications and make referrals to specialists. There are two routes to becoming an NP: a) from an RN/BSN background, OR from a science BS background.
      • Nurse midwives work with women's health care needs, including prenatal care, labor and delivery, and care following delivery.
      • Nurse anesthetists have training in the field of anesthesia, working with patients during examinations and/or surgery.
      • Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) have training in a specialty, such as cardiac, psychiatric, or community health.

    CHIROPRACTOR

    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Prinicpal Activites

    Pain relief through non-invasive manipulation of spine and joints

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Steven Anderson

    Pre-professional
    education/training

    BS degree; required courses; or 3 years, required courses, and acceptance to articulation agreement program; previous experience of field

    Professional
    Education/Training

    DC (Doctor of Chiropractic) degree; license Council on Chiropractic Education, cce-usa.org

    Professional Organizations

    American Chiropractic Association,

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Illinois: National University of Health Sciences,
    Iowa: Palmer College of Chiropractic
    Minnesota: Northwestern College of Chiropractic

    CYTOTECHNOLOGIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal activities

    Collection and preparation of tissue samples, microscopic examination of   samples for pathological conditions, such as cancer

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Pete Mesner
    FIX THIS

    Pre-professional
    Education/Training

    BA/BS degree; required courses; entrance exam (GRE)

    Professional education/training

    Certification, licensure   Commission of ccreditation of Allied Health Education  Programs

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:Marshfield Clinic/St. Joseph Hospital, Cytotechnology Program
    Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, School of Cytotechnology,
    Minnesota:Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo School of Health Sciences,

    GENTETIC COUNSELOR


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    Working with individuals and families to understand inherited conditions and  deal with the resulting challenges.

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time.

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS in biology; required courses; entrance exam (GRE); advocacy   education/training experience, shadowing/internship experience

    Professional Education/Training

    MS degree; certification/licensure National Society of Genetic Counseling,

    Professional organizations

    National Society of Genetic Counselors,

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    University of Wisconsin, Laboratory of Genetics,
    Minnesota: University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinics,
    www.cbs.umn.edu
    Illinois:Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine,

    OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    Working with people with disabilities to perform daily tasks of life, helping  people with injuries be able to return to work

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time.

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS degree (or articulation); required courses; entrance exam (GRE)

    Professional Education/Training

    MS degree; Licensure Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education

    Professional organizations

    American Occupational Therapy Association

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    Concordia University Wisconsin
    Mount Mary College
    University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse
    University of Wisconsin-Madison
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
    Minnesota:
    College of St. Scholastica
    St. Catherine University
    University of Minnesota Twin Cities University of Minnesota, Rochester Iowa:
    St. Ambrose University
    Illinois:
    Chicago State University Governers State University
    Midwestern University
    Rush University
    University of Illinois at Chicago

    There are three paths for entry

    1. a) Associate degree (or general liberal arts courses for 2 years), followed by two years in OT bachelors program;
    2. b) Four-years in OT bachelor's degree progam; or
    3. c) Certificate of MS in OT after bachelor's in another area.

    AUDIOLOGIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    An audiologist evaluates, diagnoses, and assists people with hearing disorders.

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Scott Bradley, Communicative Science & Disorders

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS; required courses; entrance exam (GRE)

    Professional Education/Training

    MS in Audiology, moving to doctorate (AuD); licensure Accreditation Commission for Audiology Education (ACAE)

    Professional organizations

    American Academy of Audiology
    American Auditory Society

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    Marquette University
    UW-Eau Claire
    UW-Madison
    UW-Milwaukee
    UW-Oshkosk
    UW-River Falls
    UW-Stevens Point
    UW-Whitewater

    Minnesota:
    MSU - Mankato
    MSU - Moorhead
    St. Cloud State
    UM - Twin Cities
    UM - Deluth

    Iowa:
    Iowa State University of Iowa University of Northern Iowa

    Illinois:
    Eastern Illinois University Governers State University
    Northwestern Illinois University
    Northwestern University
    Rush University Medical Center
    Saint Xavier University Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville University of Illinois Urbana Champaign Western Illinois University

    SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    An audiologist evaluates, diagnoses, and assists people with hearing disorders.

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Scott Bradley, Communicative Science & Disorders

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS in speech pathology; required courses; entrance exam (GRE)

    Professional Education/Training

    MS in speech pathology; internship, certification Council on Academic Accreditation in Audiology and  Speech-Language Pathology
    www.asha.org

    Professional organizations

    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    Marquette University
    UW-Eau Claire
    UW-Madison
    UW-Milwaukee
    UW-River Falls
    UW-Stevens Point
    UW-Whitewater

    Minnesota:
    MSU - Mankato
    MSU - Moorhead
    St. Cloud State
    UM - Twin Cities
    UM - Deluth

    Iowa:
    St. Ambrose University Iowa State University of Iowa University of Northern Iowa

    Illinois:
    Eastern Illinois University Governers State University
    Illinois State University
    Northern Illinois University
    Northwestern University
    Rush University Medical Center
    Saint Xavier University Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville University of Illinois Urbana Champaign Western Illinois University

    DIETITIANS & NUTRITIONISTS


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    Develop and implement food and nutrition programs with individuals or for institutions (schools, hospitals, etc.), provide counseling and education, conduct research.

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time.

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS/BA ; specific courses; entrance exam (GRE)

    Professional Education/Training

    MS or MBA degree; registration www.cdrnet.org Commission on  Accreditation for Dietetics Education, www.eatright.org/cade

    Professional organizations

    American Dietetic Association

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Minnesota:
    MPH in Public Health Nutrition UM-Twin Cities,

    Illinois:
    UI-Chicago Dominican University, MBA in Healthcare Administration or General Management and dietetics

    RESPIRATORY THERAPIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    Treat, manage, and rehabilitate people with diseases of the lungs and cardiovascular system, provide  supportive care to patients undergoing surgery

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time.

    Pre-professional education/training

    BS/BA ; required courses; entrance exam (GRE); previous experience of field

    Professional Education/Training

    MS degree; registry, licensure National Board for Respiratory Care,
    www.nbrc.org
    Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)

    Professional organizations

    American Association for Respitory Care

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Illinois:
    Rush University Medical Center Department of Respiratory Care

    RADIATION THERAPIST


    Bureau of Labor Statistic Site
    bls.gov/oco/ocos

    Principal Activites

    Design and conduct actual radiation exposure for cancer treatment; control amount and location; prepare,  maintain, and calibrate equipment; prepare and handle radioactive source materials.

    UWW Advisor

    None designated at this time.

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS in science; previous experience of field

    Professional Education/Training

    MS degree in Medical Dosimetry; certification Medical Dosimetry Certification Board www.mdcb.org
    Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology,

    Professional organizations

    American Society of Radiologic Technologists

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Wisconsin:
    UW-LaCrosse

    Illinois:
    Southern Illinois University Carbondale

    PATHOLOGY ASSISTANT


    (no BLS site)

    Principal Activites

    Assist medical examiner with autopsy, either in hospital (for medical review) or  in the morgue(for  forensic review); conduct gross examination of specimens

    UWW Advisor

    Dr. Daryle Waechter-Brulla, Biological Sciences

    Pre-professional education/training

    BA/BS degree in science; required courses; previous experience of field (some); GRE or MCAT (some)

    Professional Education/Training

    MS degree; certification (American Society for Clinical Pathology, ASCP) National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences

    Professional organizations

    American Association of Pathologists' Assistants

    Training in this area:
    (WI, MN, IL, IA)

    Illinois:
    Rosalind Franklin University

    Location

    College of Letters & Sciences
    Laurentide Hall 4100
    University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
    800 W. Main Street
    Whitewater, WI 53190-1790

    Contact

    Office of the Dean
    Phone: (262) 472-1621
    E-mail: lamkinn@uww.edu

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