Department of Biological Sciences

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

Field trips may be required for any of the courses.

BIOLOGY 110 BOB: BIOLOGY OF THE BRAIN*
GM
3 u

A freshman-level introductory course that will cover broad topics of scientific method, scientific thinking, and initiate critical thinking skills using the field of neuroscience as the backdrop for investigation. Basic understanding of nerve biology, nerve cell function and communication between nerve cells. The course will climax with a survey of the final product of nerve activity: behavior. Not applicable to Biology Emphases or Biology Minors. Three hours of lecture per week.

Coreq: MATH 140 or MATH 141 or waiver thereof.

BIOLOGY 120 BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS*
GL
4 u

A terminal course designed to introduce basic principles of life, such as structure and function, reproduction, evolution, diversity, and adaptation, leading to a broader understanding of man and his biological environment. Not applicable to Biology emphases or minors. Three lectures and two hours of laboratory per week.

Coreq: MATH 140 or MATH 141 or equivalent.

BIOLOGY 141 INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY I
GL
5 u

An introduction to biology emphasizing the chemistry of life, the cell, metabolism, genetics, bacteria and protists. Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion and two hours of laboratory per week. This course is prerequisite to all advanced courses in biology for majors and minors. Offered every term.

Coreq: MATH 141.

BIOLOGY 142 INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY II
GL
5 u

An introduction to biology emphasizing evolution, animal physiology, ecology, fungal, plant and animal diversity. Dissections are required. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion and two hours of laboratory per week. This course is prerequisite to all advanced courses in biology for majors and minors. Offered every term.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 with a grade of C or better.

BIOLOGY 200 WRITING IN BIOLOGY

3 u

This course is designed to develop the written communication skills of Biology students. It satisfies the Writing Proficiency requirement for all Biology majors. The two units do not apply towards any Biology major or minor.

Prereq: ENGLISH 102, BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 all with a grade of C or better.

BIOLOGY 214 ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY*
GM
3 u

A study of basic ecological concepts and their application to the identification, understanding, and abatement of contemporary environmental problems. Special emphasis is given to those problems resulting from man and his activities. This course is accepted as a course in conservation required for teacher licensure in the sciences. Offered every term.

BIOLOGY 225 SCIENCE OF FORENSIC ANALYSIS

4 u

This is an introduction to the "Science" of Forensic Sciences. Students will understand what forensic science is and more importantly what it is not. Students will develop an understanding of the forensic scientist's need for different lab skills from different fields of science and develop a "Forensic Mindset."

Prereq: MATH 141 and two university level lab science courses.

BIOLOGY 251 INTRODUCTION TO GENETICS

4 u

An introduction to the general principles of inheritance; subjects included are basic transmission genetics, molecular genetics, genetic engineering, mutations, and population genetics. Three hours of lecture and three hours of lab per week. Offered every term.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142 and CHEM 102, all with a grade of C or better.

Unreq: BIOLOGY 413.

BIOLOGY 253 INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY

3 u

Introduction to the chemical and physical bases of life, bacterial and eukaryotic cell structure and function; cellular respiration, photosynthesis, and molecular biology. Three hours of lecture per week. Offered every term.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 142 and CHEM 102, both with a grade of C or better. Coreq: CHEM 104.

BIOLOGY 254 BIOTECHNOLOGY LABORATORY METHODS I

2 u

Introduction to theory and practice in modern molecular biology labs, including principles of nucleic acid isolation/quantitation/manipulation, photometry, centrifugation, electrophoresis, and assay methods. Exercises include basic lab methods and techniques, DNA analysis including cloning, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restriction digests, and RNA analysis. Three hours laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 and CHEM 104 both with a grade of C or better.

BIOLOGY 257 INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY

3 u

A survey of ecosystems and animal and plant populations and communities. Topics include review of the Earth’s major biomes and the physical factors that influence them, the ecology and evolution of populations, the nature of biotic communities, the structure and function of ecosystems, and the status and protection of biodiversity. Three hours of lecture per week. Optional field trip. Offered every term.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 258 FIELD EXPERIENCE

2 u

Introduction to regional terrestrial and aquatic biological communities and field techniques for studying these communities. Field work and lectures will emphasize recognition of biotic community types, interpretation of their dynamics, and methods for identifying and surveying organisms. Registration priority given to Ecology/Field majors.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and 142 with a grade of "C" or better.

Coreq: BIOLOGY 257.

BIOLOGY 301 INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE

3 u

A survey of the biological and physiological bases of human and animal behavior, with particular attention to the following: basic principles of the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the nervous system; sensory and motor systems; sleep; circadian rhythms; sexual behavior; emotion and stress; motivation; learning, memory, and language; neurological disorders; psychopathology.

Prereq: PSYCH 211 or 4 units of biology or BIOLOGY 110.

Unreq: PSYCH 301.

BIOLOGY 303 BIOSTATISTICS

4 u

Students will learn fundamentals of hypothesis formation and testing, using a variety of univariate statistical methods. Consideration of experimental design and the evaluation of research methodologies published in the biological literature are explored in detail. Students will gain practical experience with implementation of statistical analyses using real world datasets and communicating these results effectively.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better and MATH 141 with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 311 MICROBIOLOGY

4 u

Examination of organisms too small to be seen by the unaided eye, ranging from their molecular organization to their role in global ecology. Primary emphasis will be the study of bacteria and viruses, their beneficial or detrimental impacts on humans, animals, and plants, and their current and potential exploitation. Three lectures and one lab per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, BIOLOGY 251, BIOLOGY 253, CHEM 102 and CHEM 104 all with a grade of "C" or better. Recommended corequisite CHEM 251.

BIOLOGY 315 BIRDING IN SOUTHERN WISCONSIN

3 u

An introduction to birding skills and the identification of the more than 200 bird species of southern Wisconsin. Early morning field trips are mandatory. Online lectures and learning activities alternate with outdoor field trips. Reliable computer and on-line access as well as a strong sense of self-discipline are required.

Pereq: Sophomore standing, C or better in previous GL course and permission of the instructor all required.

BIOLOGY 340 COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY

4 u

Dissection and study of vertebrate types emphasizing characteristic structures, general relationships, comparative anatomy, and the significance of adaptation and evolution. Laboratory work, lectures and quizzes.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 341 DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY

4 u

Explores the processes of embryonic development in plants and animals, emphasizing the experimental basis of contemporary knowledge in embryogenesis, morphogenesis, and in cell and tissue differentiation. The laboratory illustrates principles and processes in early development and includes the use of basic microscopy and imaging techniques to study embryonic processes. Skills in observation, experimental design, and data presentation will be developed.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 and BIOLOGY 253 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 345 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY

4 u

A study of the functional mechanisms that underlie the life processes in animals. Six hours of laboratory and lecture per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 253 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 351 THE PLANT KINGDOM

3 u

A study of the major groups of plants with emphasis on structure, reproduction, classification and evolution.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 353 PLANT TAXONOMY

3 u

The principles of plant classification and identification, with emphasis on flowering plants of this region. Lectures, laboratories and field trips.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better or consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 354 FIELD BOTANY

3 u

A study of the identification and ecology of flowering plants, conifers and ferns. Emphasis will be given to the plants and plant communities in the vicinity of the course location. A collection of local plants is required of all students. Field trips required.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 or an equivalent introductory botany course or consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 361 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

4 u

A study of the structure and function of the human body at the level of organs and systems. This course covers the following topics: anatomical structure, basic histology, bones, muscles, and nervous system. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 120 or BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 all with a grade of "C" or better, or consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 362 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II

4 u

A study of the structure and function of the human body at the level of organs and systems. This is the second term course of a two-term sequence. This course represents coverage of the following topics: endocrinology, circulatory system, cardiac system, lymphatic system, respiration, digestion and metabolism, renal system, and reproduction and development. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 361 with a grade of "C" or better or consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 363 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

3 u

The study of how nucleic acids and proteins interact to control the cell. Topics include DNA replication, chromosome structure, transcription, translation, control of gene expression, gene evolution and genomics. Experimental approaches to studying molecular biology are emphasized. Three hours of lecture per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 AND BIOLOGY 253 with a grade of "C" or better.

Coreq: CHEM 251.

BIOLOGY 364 BIOTECHNOLOGY LABORATORY METHODS II

2 u

Advanced theory, techniques, and practices employed in modern molecular/cell biology labs. Concepts/techniques covered will include advanced lab and instrumentation skills, advanced microscopy, eukaryotic cell culture, protein analytical methods, and application of bioinformatics methodology. Three hours of laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251, 253 AND 254 all with a grade of "C" or better.

Coreq: BIOLOGY 363 AND CHEM 251.

BIOLOGY 370 AQUATIC BIOLOGY

3 u

The study of aquatic environment, its fauna, flora and general ecology. The laboratory will emphasize the taxonomic study of aquatic organisms.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, BIOLOGY 257 and CHEM 102 all with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 375 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY

3 u

A comprehensive study of the structure, physiology, natural history and significance of the major groups of invertebrate animals. Five hours of laboratory and lecture per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 390 BIOLOGY COLLOQUIUM

.5 u

Lectures on current research and career opportunities in biology through the colloquium format. Required of Biology majors. Offered on a Satisfactory/No Credit basis every term. May not be taken concurrently with Senior Biology Colloquium.

Prereq: Biology 141, Biology 142 and Sophomore standing or higher.

BIOLOGY 400 SENIOR BIOLOGY COLLOQUIUM

.5 u

Continuation of Biological Sciences BIOLOGY 390. Lectures on current research and career opportunities in biology through the colloquium format. Required of Biology majors. Offered on a Satisfactory/No Credit basis only. Offered every term. May not be taken concurrently with BIOLOGY 390.

Prereq: Biology 141, Biology 142 and Senior standing.

BIOLOGY 412 IMMUNOLOGY

3 u

Immunity to infectious diseases related to changes in the constituents of the blood is explored. Transplantation of tissues, allergies, and autoimmune diseases are discussed. Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 and BIOLOGY 253 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 430 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

4 u

Behavior of animals as individuals and groups, including study of causation, development, integration, evolution and adaptive value of behavior patterns. Lecture and laboratory.

Prereq: Junior standing and one of the following: BIOLOGY 142 with a grade of "C" or better or BIOLOGY 120 with a grade of "B" or better or PSYCH 211 with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 442 ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY

3 u

This course is an introduction to environmental toxicology that focuses on sources, transport, fate, accumulation, and toxicity of contaminants. Principles of toxicity testing and analysis of effects at different levels of biological organization (molecular to ecosystem) are covered. Information on select classes of contaminants, including emerging contaminants of concern are presented.

Prereq: CHEM 102 and BIOLOGY 214 or BIOLOGY 257 with grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 446 ORGANIC EVOLUTION

3 u

History of evolutionary thought, evidences of evolution and analysis of evolutionary mechanisms and processes.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 448 BIOINFORMATICS

3 u

Bioinformatics is an introduction to computer applications and algorithms currently used in the analysis of biological data, especially genomic and sequence data. The course entails lectures, discussions, readings and hands-on experience with bioinformatic software. Through exercises and individual research projects students acquire a working knowledge of contemporary computational methods and software.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142 and BIOLOGY 251 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalents.

BIOLOGY 450 INTRODUCTORY ENTOMOLOGY

4 u

An introduction to the biology and classification of insects. The course surveys insect structure, function, development, and evolution. Relevant insect physiology, ecology, and behavior are introduced. The laboratory surveys insect orders and a select group of Wisconsin families. An insect collection is required.

Prereq: Grade of "C" or better in both BIOLOGY 141 and 142.

BIOLOGY 451/651 NATURAL HISTORY OF YELLOWSTONE NP AND THE UPPER GREAT PLAINS

3 u

This is an introductory, multi-disciplinary, summer field course open to all. It is held at Yellowstone National Park and locations in route. Students will learn field methods, geology, ecology and natural history. It is suitable for biology and geology majors and anyone interested in field science or natural history.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 120 or BIOLOGY 141 and Consent of Instructor.

BIOLOGY 456 BIOCHEMISTRY OF METABOLISM AND SIGNALING

3 u

The chemistry of biological systems, focusing on metabolism and biochemical signaling. Three lectures/week. For Chemistry majors (Biochemistry emphasis), Biology majors (allied health focus) and students interested in Biochemistry postgraduate education.

Prereq: "C" or better in BIOLOGY 120 or BIOLOGY 141 (or equivalent) or instructor consent, both BIOLOGY 251 and BIOLOGY 253 or CHEM 454 and CHEM 251.

Unreq: CHEM 456.

BIOLOGY 457 GENERAL ECOLOGY

4 u

A study of biotic populations and communities and natural ecosystems. Contemporary ecological theory and techniques will be emphasized, as well as their applications to the preservation of natural communities. Laboratory exercises will include field studies, laboratory experiments, and computer simulations and analysis. Six hours of lecture or laboratory per week.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 251 or equivalent with a grade of "C" or better; BIOLOGY 257 or equivalent with a grade of "C" or better; BIOLOGY 258 or equivalent with a grade of "C" or better; BIOLOGY 303 with a grade of "C" or better or equivalent; and MATH 231 or MATH 342 or PSYCH 215 or equivalent all with a grade of "C" or better.

BIOLOGY 458 RESEARCH IN BIOCHEMISTRY

2 u

A laboratory course that teaches biochemical research techniques through guided original research projects.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 120 or BIOLOGY 141 (or equivalent) with a "C" or better and CHEM 251 or consent of instructor.

Coreq: CHEM 454 or BIOLOGY/CHEM 456 Unreq: CHEM 458.

BIOLOGY 490/690 BIOLOGY WORKSHOP
Repeatable
1-3 u

Prereq: Consent of instructor.

BIOLOGY 491/691 TRAVEL STUDY
Repeatable
1-3 u

BIOLOGY 492/692 LABORATORY TEACHING EXPERIENCE

1 u

This course provides teaching experience at the college level for undergraduate students. Laboratory teaching experience students will assist faculty members in preparing, delivering, and tearing down laboratory or discussion section instructional units in biology courses, conducting review sessions, and tutoring students under the direct supervision of a faculty mentor. Satisfactory/No Credit grade basis only. Repeatable for a maximum of 2 credits in degree.

Prereq: Grade of "B" or better in the assigned course and a GPA of 3.00 or better. Approval of a faculty mentor and the Biological Sciences Department.

BIOLOGY 493 INTERNSHIP IN BIOLOGY
Repeatable
1-12 u

Satisfactory/No Credit grade basis only.

Prereq: Department consent.

BIOLOGY 494/694 SEMINAR

1 u

Repeatable two times for a maximum of two units in degree.

Prereq: 16 hours of biology including botany and zoology.

BIOLOGY 496/696 SPECIAL STUDIES

1-3 u

Repeatable for a maximum of 3 units in major.

BIOLOGY 497 EXCHANGE STUDY
Repeatable
1-12 u

BIOLOGY 498 INDEPENDENT STUDY

1-3 u

Repeatable for a maximum of 6 units in major. One hour of discussion weekly plus laboratory hours by arrangement with instructor.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141, BIOLOGY 142, and a 2.75 grade point average in biology.

BIOLOGY 498R INDEPENDENT STUDY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH

1-3 u

Study of a selected topic or topics under the direction of a faculty member. One hour of discussion plus laboratory hours by arrangement with instructor. Repeatable.

Prereq: BIOLOGY 141 and BIOLOGY 142 and 2.75 GPA in BIOLOGY and department consent.

BIOLOGY 499 BIOLOGY THESIS

2-3 u

A substantial research project written as a thesis. Two credits are taken in the first semester and three in the second semester. A proposal must be submitted at the midpoint of the first term and an oral defense takes place at the end of the second term. Thesis students must participate in BIOLOGY 498 discussions. Available only for senior students in Biology Honors Emphasis.

Prereq: Senior standing.

*Not applicable to any Biology major or minor in liberal arts or secondary education.



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