Policy & Procedures
Tools & Resources
Web Accessibility Standards & Guidelines
There are two recognized standards for measuring accessibility:
We have based our compliance checklist on section 508 standards.
- Alternate Descriptions for Non-Text Elements
- Synchronization with Multimedia
- Use Color for Design, not Context
- Using Style Sheets
- Server-Side Image Maps
- Client-side Image Maps
- Data Table: Headers
- Data Table: Markups
- Using Frames
- Flashing or Flickering Elements
- Text-Only Alternative
- Using Scripts
- Using Applets and Plug-Ins
- Using Online Forms
- Skip Navigation Link
- Using Time Out Scripts
How do I make my web site accessible?
- Validate your XHTML and CSS
- Design your site with accessibility in mind
- Test your site for accessibility
Validate your XHTML and CSS
Assistive technology relies on valid XHTML, so make sure you start with clean html.
Design your site with accessibility in mind
- Label all images
- Create structure (use <h1> - <h6> headings)
- Improve navigation
- Choose colors and contrast wisely
- Allow for font resizing
- Label form fields
- Avoid tables if possible. Only use for data tabulation.
- Avoid pop-up windows
- Caption video or at least have text alternative
Use web accessibility development tools:
Test your site for accessibility
Choose any of the following tools/techniques to test the accessibility of your site.
- Turn off images in your browser (make sure image place holders are turned on)
- Tab through the page, try navigating without a mouse
- Try to change the standard font colors and styles in your browser
- Try to increase the font size by using the browser (view > text size > increase)
- Turn off support for stylesheets, does your site still makes sense?
Evaluation Tools (web accessibility checkers)
Testing Tools - automatically check for 508 compliance.
- Firefox extensions
- IE toolbars
- WAVE - free online accessibility testing tool and reading order of page.
- CynthiaSays - a free service to help Web page authors identify and repair significant barriers to access by individuals with disabilities. It also analyzes Web pages for compatibility with various browsers.
- LYNX emulator - This service allows Web authors to see what their pages will look like when viewed with Lynx, a text-mode Web browser.
Assistive Technology - An important part of accessibility testing is attempting to use your own site with assistive technology. Download a demo version and see if you can navigate your website.
UW-Whitewater approved captioning vendors
The vendor links below will take you to a page where you can create a new account, view a quick start guide, etc.
View the comparison chart to both UW-System approved captioning companies: https://kb.wisc.edu/helpdesk/page.php?id=15016.
Various How To's
- QuickTime Captioning
- Windows Media Captioning
- Adding a Caption Track in QuickTime
- Creating Captions for Rich Media
- Creating Audio Descriptions for Rich Media
- Creating Cross-platform Caption Displays
- RealNetworks uses SMIL 1.0 in order to make its media accessible. RealText, RealPix, RealAudio, and RealVideo can all be referenced from a SMIL file and synchronized with one another.
Tools (digital captioning software)
- MAGpie - Media Access Generator (Magpie), a tool to assist with making Web- and CD-ROM-based multimedia materials accessible.
Adobe Acrobat (PDF)
- How to Create Accessible Adobe PDF Files Booklet
- Acrobat PDF Converter to HTML or plain text
- Resources for creating accessible PDF documents
- MS Word to PDF - An excellent two page quick reference for Preparing Microsoft Word Documents to Create Accessible PDF Files, and Converting Microsoft Word Documents to Accessible PDF Files with Adobe Acrobat